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Graciosa is a small island located in the extreme Northwest of Azores Central Group, 37 km northeast of São Jorge island and 60 km northwest of Terceira island.
The total 4,391 inhabitants (2011 data) are spread over the 60.66 km2 that make up the surface of the island. It is the most northern island of the five that form the Azores Central Group and its closest island is São Jorge, 37 km away. Graciosa island highest point is on the southern edge of Caldeira da Graciosa at 405 m of altitude.
The coastline is very rugged and formed by several bays, generally low, with the exception of the northwestern section, corresponding to Serra Branca, where the cliffs exceed 300 meters of height. Two shallow bays open up on the coast. To the southeast, there’s Praia Bay, where Vila da Praia harbor is located – the island's commercial and fishing port. To the southwest emerges Filipe Bay. To the northeast, in the Santa Cruz da Graciosa area, some small bays open up, very exposed to the sea, where Santa Cruz port - today a bathing area – and Barra Pier, an old whaling and commercial port, today reduced to nautical recreation, are located.
The island is considerably flat, marked by a very expressive volcanic character. It is known as the white island, due to the fact that it tends to assume drier landscapes.