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Corvo island is the smallest one of the Azores Archipelago. It is located in the Western Group along with Flores Island.
Corvo island is formed by a single extinct volcanic mountain - Monte Gordo, having a wide collapsed crater, locally known as Caldeirão. It has a perimeter of 3.7 km and a depth of 300 meters, where a small lagoon is located.
The highest point on the island is Estreitinho on the southern edge of Caldeirão, with a height of 720 meters above sea level. Besides this elevation there are also: Morro dos Homens, Lomba Redonda, Coroa do Pico, Morro da Fonte, Espigãozinho and Serrão Alto.
The entire coastline is high and steep, constituting the volcano central cone, with the exception of the southern part, where was established Vila do Corvo, the only existing settlement on the island.
Portinho da Areia, at the western end of the airport runway, is the island's only sandy beach and its main bathing area.
On Corvo, the climate is humid but mild, although a bit windy. In higher zones the fogs are almost permanent. The sea agitation, particularly from the west quadrant, is very high, resulting in high coastal erosion.
In addition to marine erosion, the island faces erosion from the prevailing northeast and west winds.
The northwestern tip of the island is Ponta Torrais, a prominent, sharp-edged spine with pointed ridges, having on its north a small conical islet, Torrais Islet. On the north and northwest coast there is another small islet, Torrão Islet, and some submerged reefs dangerous for navigation.